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Comparison between Python, C and Java

By Nicodemus Ngufuli
Published in Python
January 12, 2021
1 min read

Differences between Python and Java

PythonJava
Python is Dynamic and strongJava is static and weak
Data type declaration is not required in PythonIt is compulsory to declare data types in Java
Python is both functional and object oriented programming languageJava is an object oriented programming language
Lambda functions are already in PythonFunctional features are introduced into Java 8.0 through Lambda expressions
Python has while and for loopsJava has for, for each and do…while loops
Python does not have switch statementsJava has switch statements
Variables in for loop statements auto-incrementsVariables in for loops does not auto-increment
Memory allocation is done automatically by Python Virtual MachineMemory allocation is done automatically by Java Virtual Machine
Python supports only single dimensional arraysJava supports both, single and multi-dimensional arrays
The arrray index in python can be positive or negativeThe array index in Java can only be positive
Python allows checking outside an array for all iterations while loopingJava does not allow checking outside an array for all iterations while looping
Indentation is required in PythonIndentation is not necessary in Java
A new line is used to terminate a statementSemicolon(;) is used to terminate a statement
In Python, a collection of objects like lists and dictionaries can store objects of any typeIn Java, a collection of objects like stack, Linked list or vector, stores only objects but not primitive data types like integers, double etc

Differences between python and C

PythonC
Dynamic and strongC is static and weak
Both functional and object oriented programming languageProcedure/functional oriented programming language
Does not support in-line statementsSupports in-line statements
Python programs executes slower compared to CC programs executes faster
Data type declaration is not required in PythonIt is compulsory to declare data types in C
Does not use pointersC uses pointers concepts
Python supports exceptions and hence python programs are robustC does not have exception handling
Python has while and for loopsC has do…, while and for loops
Pythons does not have switch statementsC has switch statements
The variables in for loops increments automaticallyThe variables in for loops does not increment automatically
Memory allocations and de-allocations is done automatically using PVMMemory allocation is done by the programmer using malloc(), calloc(), realloc() or free() functions
Garbage Collector is available in PythonC does not have Garbage Collector
Python supports only single dimensional arraysSingle and multidimensional arrays are supported in C
Python supports both positive and negative array indicesC supports positive array index
A new line is used to terminate a statementSemicolon(;) is used to terminate a statement

Next, read about How to install Python in Windows 10 OS


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Nicodemus Ngufuli

Software Engineer and content editor at UltimaxDev

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